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A Comprehensive Guide to Perfume: Decoding the World of Fragrance


Perfume is a captivating world of scents that can evoke memories, emotions, and moods. With so many fragrances and brands available, choosing the perfect perfume can be overwhelming. This comprehensive guide will help you navigate the world of perfume, with insights into different fragrance types, notes, and concentrations, along with a glossary and dictionary section to demystify advanced terminology. Some 8,000 perfumes were profiled in the 2015 printed edition of Fragrances of the World, accompanied by brand name, date, fragrance family and gender. The online database, updated weekly, archives profiles of over 17,000 perfumes

Types of Perfume

Eau de Parfum (EDP): EDP has a moderate concentration of fragrance oils, typically 15-20%. It offers a balance of longevity and intensity, making it a popular choice for daily wear.

Eau de Toilette (EDT): EDT has a lighter concentration (5-15%) of fragrance oils, making it a more subtle and refreshing option, ideal for daytime use.

Eau de Cologne (EDC): EDC contains 2-4% fragrance oils, providing a light and fleeting scent, perfect for a quick refresh throughout the day.

Fragrance Notes

1- Top Notes: These are the first scents you detect when applying perfume. They evaporate quickly, usually within 15 minutes to two hours, setting the stage for the heart notes.

2- Heart Notes: Also known as middle notes, heart notes form the core of the fragrance. They emerge after top notes and can last for several hours.

3- Base Notes: Base notes are the longest-lasting scents, providing depth and longevity to the fragrance. They can linger for hours, even days, after application.

Glossary & Dictionary

– Sillage: The trail of scent left behind by a perfume.

– Longevity: The duration a fragrance remains detectable on the skin.

– Fragrance Wheel: A classification system that groups perfumes into families based on their primary scent characteristics.

– Chypre: A fragrance family characterized by a combination of citrus top notes, labdanum heart notes, and earthy base notes.


Perfumes: The Guide](

The Fragrance Foundation](




Fragrances of the World: 

Michael Edwards’ world of fragrances: 

The Perfume Society](

Perfumer & Flavorist Magazine](

[Scent and Chemistry](

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